In Rome you find history abundance. As the centre of the Roman Empire and the Roman Catholic Church the city has collected unprecedented treasures of art and architecture through history. In Rome you find Coliseum, The Vatican, The Tiber, Fountains, Piazza’s and posh shopping.
Colloseum is probably the most known tourist attractions of ancient Rome, dating back to 80 A.D. It was in this big elliptical stadium with room for over 50,000 spectators’ gladiators fought each other and fought animals. The Colloseum could also be flooded to host naval battles. Under the floor of the arena was an advanced system with tunnels, chambers and lifts.
To avoid wasting your time in long ticket lines it’s a good idea to buy your tickets on-line.
2. Roman Forum
The Roman Forum was the ancient Rome’s “city centre”, a dramatic showcase full of beautiful statues and architecture to impress. It was here all political and social activities took place and it served as a market place, a business centre and religious cult centre. For centuries this was the area for Rome’s most important buildings. After the Roman Empire’s fall the place fell in to ruins and was sadly used as a quarry. But today you can still see the grandiose remains of the Temple of Saturn, the Arch of Titus, and Temple of Caesar among other things.
3. Palatine Hill
According to legend it was here Rome had its first settlers. Palatine Hill is the most prominent of the seven hills that Rome originally was built on and can be seen as the republican era’s “Beverly Hills”. Here Rome’s prominent people such as Augustus, Cicero and Marc Anthony, had their palaces. Today the place is a goldmine for archaeological excavations. The view over Rome is fabulous from Palatine Hill and worth the visit itself.
4.–St. Peter’s Basilica
The world’s largest and most important church within Christendom is found in the Vatican City. The dome of St Peter’s Basilica is visible from all over Rom. The feeling of the enormous space inside the church is breathtaking and something that has to be experienced in person. According to tradition it is under the church altar St Peter is burried. The view over Rome and the Vatican City from the top of the basilica, which has the largest dome in the world, is stunning. The church is famous for the contribution of Michelangelo’s genius in form of architecture and artwork such as the Pieta.
To get in to the basilica there is a strict dress code, you can’t show bare shoulders, wear shorts or a skirt above the knees.
5.–The Vatican Museums & the Sistine Chapel
The Vatican Museums are considered among the best in the world with art treasures collected by the Roman Catholic Church through centuries, including some of the most renowned classical sculptures and most important masterpieces of Renaissance art. There are six inter-connected museums; the Gregorian Egyptian Museum, Gregorian Etruscan Museum, Classical Antiquities (Greek and Roman), Pio Christian Museum, Pinacoteca Wing, and the Missionary-Ethnological Museum.
In The Sistine Chapel you find perhaps the most famous frescoed ceiling in the world painted by Michelangelo with One of the most familiar pieces, the Creation of Adam.
Prepare your visit since the museum is immensely popular and people queue for hours to get in. It is advisable to buy tickets in advance. It is advised to visit the web page“Ron in Rome” for more information about the ques.
The Pantheon on Piazza Della Rotunda is the only intact building from the Roman Empire’s era with the largest masonry dome Built in 27 A. D. In top of the Dome is an oculus, a hole nearly eight metres in diameter that serves as the buildings light source, so when it rains, there are drainage holes in the floor for the water to get out. In the Roman era the Pantheon served as a temple to the Gods, but it was later turned into a church, which saved it from pillage.
The Piazza in front of the Pantheon is a lively spot with bars, restaurants and is a perfect spot to sit down and watch the Roman life passing.
Tip! Visit the Sant’Eustachio Cafè, on the opposite side of the Pantheon from the Tazza d’Oro.
7. The Catacombs
The catacombs of Rome are the city’s underground burial places and dates back to the early Christians. There are 40 known catacombs in Rome. Most Tours goes to Catacomb di San Callisto but the recommended is Catacombe di San Domitilla, where you find the oldest catacombs and the tour groups are smaller. Catacomb di San Domitilla is the only one still containing the bones of dead people, as well as early Christian artworks as the 2nd-century fresco of the Last Supper.
8. The Spanish Steps
One of Rome’s most famous and crowded places is The Spanish Steps which is the widest staircase in Europe of 138 steps leading up to the church of Trinità dei Monti from the baroque fountain in piazza di Spagna. From Paizza di Spagna you can walk along via Condotti, a busy and fashionable street filled with the boutiques of Armani, Gucci, Bulgari and many others. Here you will find Antico Caffe Greco where all the cultural heavyweights like Goethe, Byron, Liszt, Keats, Ibsen and Hans Christian Andersen stopped for an Iltalian coffee.
One of the musts for a visit to Rome is the Trevi Fountain. It is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world seen in films like “Three Coins in the Fountain” and “La Dolche Vita” with the Swedish sex symbol Anita Ekberg taking a bath in the fountain. Remember to throw a coin into the fountain to ensure that you will see Rome again.
10.–An Evening at the Piazza del Fiori and Piazza Navona
The Mediterranean’s knows how to relax and enjoy life at night time and the best place to do it is at a Piazza. The Piazza del Fiori and Piazza Navona come alive in the evenings and there are endless restaurants and cafes to be found here. Wear comfortable shows as you might end up walking around for hours just watching people and street artists!